Abbas the great may be the most celebrated Safavid Shah and one of the most significant Persian Shahs in the Iranian late history and also a well-remembered fairy king in folkloric tales and songs. Enthroned in Isfahan he put an end on Ottomans’ encroaching and kicked the Portuguese invaders out of the Persian Gulf, tying his name with the climax of the Safavid Peace.
The Peacock may symbolize the magnificence of royalty and the glory of the heaven as well as temptation and extravagant luxury. In India, Persia and Babylonia, the peacock is seen as a guardian to royalty and is often engraved upon royal thrones.
Memling Gul is a common carpet motif named after the European artist Hans Memling (1430 –1494). He was a German painter who moved to Flanders and worked in the tradition of Early Netherlandish painting. He had used to picture carpets in his paintings.
Lion is a well celebrated animal in the Persian culture. Lions appear on rock reliefs as well as textiles and carpets during the Iranian history, representing heroes, Shahs of Persia and even saints or holy spirits of various religions such as Mithraism, Zoroastrianism and Islam.
Horses has been frequent figures in Persian rugs since the very beginning of the art. Actually they have been depicted on the most ancient piled rug found, the Pazyryk Carpet, woven circa 500 BC. The motif had a focal position in art and crafts of the area even before the date mentioned, most famously Zagros’ Bronze Age civilizations.
Laleh Abbasi (Abbasi tulip) is the most iconic type of Shah Abbasi flowers woven amongst Khitaei foliates vastly by the Persian weavers. Though the motif named after Shah Abbas the great, in carpet and tiling terminology, it is a far ancient motif used by Egyptians and Mesopotamians as well as ancient Persians, being tied chiefly with Mithraism.
Dogs are rarely depicted on Persian rugs. Examples are limited to hounds depicted on hunting garden designs, which are normally depicted naturalistically in fine-woven court rugs, and a stylized animal in Qashqai rugs and kilims, usually interpreted as dogs.