Bijar Rug, The Artistic Souvenir of Kurdistan

Bijar rug

Bijar [or Bidjar] is a city and capital of Bijar county, Kurdistan Province, Iran. With an elevation of 1,940 meters, this city is the roof of Iran and world-renowned for its elegant and artistic Bijar rug. This article introduces this elegant type of Persian rug. In addition, it includes a short brief of the region and the story behind the Bijar Rug.

Main Characteristics of The Bijar Rug

Main Characteristics of The Bijar Rug

Weave: What distinguishes the antique Bijar rug from other Persian rugs is its unique construction. Weavers used 2-3 wefts (foundation yarns inserted from side to side) between each row of knots. 

The first weft is much thicker than the second and highly twisted. The artisan inserts it while damping and pouncing down with a hammer and a nail-like rod inserted between the warps. And this process results in a highly compressed and durable rug.

This type of stout construction earned the nickname of Persia’s ‘iron rug’ for them. The unique structure contributed to the extraordinary strength, coarseness, and weight of the Bijar Persian rug, making them very durable.

In fact, they cannot and should not be folded and should constantly be rolled for storage or transport. In Bijar rugs, knots are symmetrical, and the pile and warp are made of wool and cotton yarn, respectively.

Design and Pattern of Bijar Rugs

Design and Pattern of Bijar Rugs

You won’t easily identify a Bijar rug design. That’s mainly resulting from the repetitive use of the same patterns, as is the case with many other Oriental rugs.

One can attribute the diversity of designs in these rugs to the many different tribes in this region home. That includes the Azerbaijanis and the Turks and nearby neighboring countries such as Turkey and Caucasus. 

Bijar designs are not as affected by Western design as other ones woven partly in Iran. The reason is the remoteness of the rural mountainous area and partially. Therefore, the particular religion and culture of the people have effectively isolated them from the rest of Iran. 

An antique Bijar (woven before 1915) used classic universal rug designs such as the Mina-Khani and the Herati. And a diamond-shaped center medallion with pendants on an open field. It is important to note these classic Persian designs were subject to the Bijar rug weavers’ interpretation, mainly because they were from the region’s Kurdish villages.

The world remarks on the antique Bijar Oriental rug is for its excellent artistry, dyes, construction, and craftsmanship. Also, those made after WWII gradually lost their quality and unique individual characteristics and morphed into generic products. And, that is something that bears little resemblance to its revered predecessor.

Where To Find The Best Bijar Rug?

Are you fascinated by the charm and sweetness of the Bijar rug? If so, head to our Louisville, KY Rug Store. Visit our website to check out the best Bijar rugs we have collected in our selection of 10,000 rugs.

With Our Try-Before-Buy policy, you can try out the rugs in your room before buying them. Additionally, with our White Glove Service, you don’t have to worry about anything. Our expert team brings you the rugs, sets furniture aside, wipes the floor, and places the rug in your rooms.

So don’t forget to give us a call to find out more about the irresistible Persian rugs we have!

Phone: 502-327-1499

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