The Perfect Guide To Materials and Dyes of The Persian Rug

Guide To Materials of Persian Rug, A traditional Persian rug is made with purely natural materials such as pure silk, camel hair, cotton, or sheep wool. The pile or surface usually consists of sheep wool. And, the back, or warp, is sheep wool or cotton. This article gives you the recipe for an elegant Persian rug and takes you tells you about the material and wide palette of these incredible rugs.

What Are The Materials of The Persian Rug?

Top-quality Persian rug consists of natural silk, and the thickness is another indicator of its value. It takes a great deal of skill for a weaver to make a thin or even rug. Therefore, a high-quality Persian rug is relatively thinner.

Usually, an antique Persian rug features a wide range of motifs and patterns in a rainbow of colors. It’s important to note that the colors, patterns, and motifs are not randomly selected. Consideration of every element gives the rug weaver many ways to convey what they can mean in design.

What Is the Palette of The Persian Rug?

These artisans give great thought to the colors they want to use in a Persian rug to convey their feelings. Then, using surrounding plants’ flowers, leaves, stems, and roots inherent in a particular area, they dye the wool with these products.

Master dyers and painters have a vital role in establishing the fame their rugs gained. Their wavering colors touch the viewer’s soul deeply. Indigo, cochineal, walnut, weld, pomegranate, vine leaves, straw, and henna are some natural dye materials of the Persian rug. Weavers then choose every feature with great care to narrate their unique story. Guide To Materials of Persian Rug.

What Is the Palette of The Persian Rug?
Indigo, cochineal, walnut, weld, pomegranate, vine leaves, straw, and henna are some natural dye materials of the Persian rug.


For instance, green has always represented prosperity, growth, and health. You could find it in Persian rugs as a reminder of newness in fresh growth, lush forests, and the renewal of new opportunities. The Qum rug and the Gabbeh rug have very good examples of green shades.


Red is an energizing color designed to bring about a strong feeling of courage, joy, and passion. You can find a wide range of red shades in antique Persian rugs, especially the Persian Heriz rug. This color highlights patterns and brings out certain elements to get attention, excitement, and happiness.

Gold & Yellow

Gold has been a symbol of monarchy, wealth, and power, especially in luxurious rugs such as the Persian Serapi rug. It’s the color of Kings and Queens because you can see it in what they wear and their belongings. Gold is the color of Persian rugs because it conveys wealth and richness. It’s common to see gold as the prominent color for high society. Guide To Materials of Persian Rug.

Yellow represents the brilliance of the sun and also signifies joy, radiance, and happiness. Because yellow is a happy color like a happy sunny day, Yellow is a good expression of the joy of living. You could find an eye-catching shade of Yellow in the Persian Gabbeh rug, and in some cases, in the Kashan rug.


Brown stands for the earth and soil. The weavers use it in the Persian rug to capture the solid ground of the Earth. Because everything flourishes from the soil and the ground, it is also the color of fertility. The Kashan rug and the Tabriz rug take advantage of light shades of brown in their vivid palettes.

Brown stands for the earth and soil
Light shades in Kashan Rug


Blue represents a range of emotions, including tranquility, honesty, strength, and trust. It exudes feelings of being true blue with a calm inner peace. It can also mean trust, loyalty, and honesty. You can find the best shades of Blue in Persian Gabbeh rug, Nain rug, and Qum rug.


White is used for its clean purity, peace, and innocence. It represents these popular qualities. Especially in Persian rugs, white captures these emotions. Weavers use it to indicate they are pure of heart and honest. Persian Kerman rug and Yazd rug have the brightest shades of white.


Black is used very sparingly in Persian rugs because of its powerful negative connotations. However, when the Women from Bakhtiari nomads used fixable dyes and vivid and wild colors on the Bakhtiari rugs.  Instead of white, Bakhtiaris also use gray wool, which results in dark tones. And, the primary characteristic color of Baktiari rugs in shades of gray.  They also use black instead of dark blue and cobalt blue.

Black is used very sparingly in Persian rugs because of its powerful negative connotations.


Orange is used to place attention on adventure flamed by excitement. It is a cheerful color and also adds a light-hearted, fun touch to the patterns in a Persian-style rug without overshadowing the other colors. Persian Kilims are famous for their humble shades of orange.

All these factors determine your Persian rug’s authenticity and its quality because of: The Materials That Persian Rugs Are Made From.

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