Mahallat Rug, The Hand-Woven Flower Festival

Mahallat rug

Mahallat is a city in the southeast of Markazi province, central Iran, about 262 kilometers away from the country’s capital, Tehran. Mahallat is famous for its flower gardens and top-quality dairy products, especially whey and yogurt. This town also has many artistic souvenirs, such as the Mahallat rug. This article is going to tell you more about these fine Persian rugs and their distinct characteristics.

Mahallat rug
Mahalat Rug

Where is Mahallat?

Varkan, the ancient name of Mahallat, was a part of Media Satrapy in the Achaemenid Empire. There are remains of Greek architecture from Alexander’s era and fire temple ruins dated from Zoroastrianism in Mahallat. That points out what rich and ancient historical background this city has.

The Characteristics of The Mahallat Rug

Design: all variations of Arak and Qom designs are used in Mahallat. That includes Gol-Farang, Lachak-Toranj (Medallion), Kheshti Bakhtiar, Daste Goli (Bouquets), Derakhti (Tree), Shah Abbasi Medallion, and Shah Abbasi Afshan (Scattering).

Mahallat rug
Mahallat rug’s primary raw materials are wool and silk

Raw materials: Following Qom and Arak’s style, the Mahallat rug’s primary raw materials are wool and silk. In recent years, using silk for both warp and nap became more common, especially in the village of Nakhjiran.

This village is one of the most populated areas where immigrant rug weavers from Qom live and work. In other Mahallat villages, wool is the primary material for piles. Warp and weft are of cotton yarn.

Size: Mahallat rug weaver call their main rug sizes are Zaronim (1×1/5), Dozar (2/10×1/35), six-meter, and rarely nine meters. Larger sizes and runners are pretty rare in Mahallat.

Technical Features Of The Mahallat Rug

Knot count: there are many old Mahal rugs in which knot count differs between 20 and 25 knots in 7cm. In new ones, the number differs between 30 and 35, and up to 50 knots per 7cm is possible, especially in the city of Mahallat itself.

Knot type: Asymmetrical (Persian) knot is the standard knot in Mahallat. Symmetrical (Turkish) knots are few and far between.

Loom: Mahal’s looms are vertical and fixed.

Warping the loom: both Turkish and Persian styles are common in Mahallat. There was also a fusion style which is not common these days.

Mahallat rug
Mahallat Rug Room Scene

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